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Bergamot Marmalade from Leftovers.. and more

Bergamot Marmalade from Leftovers.. and more

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Bergamot marmalade is the best of all citrus marmalades.  It is precious as it has the most aromatic flavour that you can ever imagine. 

The post has been updated with another recipe making the marmalade with the whole fruit. The recipe is in the second recipe card, at the end of the post.

Bergamot marmalade on a bagel and graviera cheese image
Scroll down at the end for this recipe.

In this recipe it is made with the leftover fruit when making Bergamot preserve, mixed with some bergamot peel of the preserve.

Bergamot marmalade image

But what is a bergamot? 

You may all have heard of Bergamot Earl Tea or the essential oil extracted from the peel of the bergamot.

The origin of the bergamot (Citrus bergamia), in Greek “περγαμόντο = bergamonto” is a cross between a lemon Citrus limon and bitter orange Citrus aurantium, also known as Seville orange.

In Greece,  we love, love, love bergamots and we make Bergamot fruit preserve, bergamot marmalade from the whole fruit and bergamot liqueur.

The bergamot fruit image

The bergamot is not edible as a fruit, as it is more sour than the lemon.   

You may wonder why we do not use the juice? 

Well, actually you can but in order to get the juice equal to that of 1 lemon, you will probably need 2 – 3 or even more bergamots and bergamots are quite expensive compared to lemons, so unless you produce bergamots and have a lot to spare, then it’s not affordable.

So, think out of the box and use the bergamot juice instead of lemon juice in marinades, sauces, dressings, syrups, etc. 

Our plot in Assini before our house was built image
Our plot in Assini before our house was built

When we bought the plot to build our house in Assini, it was full of mandarin and bitter orange trees.  However most of them were cut in order to build the house and only five of them were left in the garden.

Bergamot tree after being grafted image

However, a couple of years after moving there, we grafted them, each tree to bear  at least one or two other varieties. 

Each branch can be grafted into a separate fruit.   So for example you can have one tree with a branch of mandarins, a branch with lemons, a branch with oranges and a branch with bergamots, etc.

We left a few braches with the local variety of mandarins, which are very aromatic and some with seville oranges. 

The rest, we grafted them into a different variety of mandarins (clementines), two varieties of oranges, one bearing fruit during the winter and one during the summer and of course, into bergamots.

We have never sprayed our trees or vegetables, so everything coming from our garden is organic.

Bitter oranges are also very aromatic and I love making them into marmalade, fruit preserve with the peel or liqueur.   

This year, I even made blossom water and fruit preserve from the flowers.

Like the bergamot, the fruit is not edible but only a few people know that it can be used in lieu of a lemon, since its juice is also sour. 

Since it grows in abundance, I often use it’s juice instead of lemon and I love adding it to my lemony roasted potatoes which makes them even more delicious, giving them a wonderful aroma.

Two bergamots from last year image

Last year our tree gave us only two fruit.  You can’t do much with only two fruit, so I combined it with other citrus fruit and made the Four Citrus Marmalade.

This year the tree gave us 24 bergamots.  I

n January, when we visited Assini, I picked all the fruit and brought them to Athens.

My daughter loves bergamot fruit preserve and the years before, I always made two or three batches when in season.  So this year, indisputably, she wanted all the fruit to be made into a preserve.

To make the preserve, only the peel is used, so the fruit inside is usually thrown away.

Bergamot fruit preserve and marmalade from our trees image

I don’t like throwing away anything that can be used, so in the past I attempted to make the leftover fruit into marmalade. 

As I said, the fruit is very sour, even more than lemons so I added more sugar than usual.

The marmalade was delicious but even with the extra sugar added, the outcome was still more sour than one would like to eat a marmalade. 

My husband and I didn’t really mind as we love anything sour but my children didn’t like it.

The next year I made it again, this time combining it with other fruit. 

I used apples and pears  and it worked just fine, but it was just another jam with bergamot flavour.

Bergamot Apple and Pear Marmalade image

This year all the fruit from our tree was used to make the fruit preserve.   

I’ve kept some zest in the deep freezer to flavour cakes and with the remaining zest I am making a liqueur.

Bergamot zest image

How I made the Bergamot Marmalade

I had  two kilos of leftover fruit, which was a pity to throw away, so this year I kept the peeled fruit a couple days in the fridge until the fruit preserve was done. 

My idea was to make the marmalade, combining it with the fruit preserve.

The bergamot fruit with pith, membranes and seeds image

The procedure is quite tedious but worth all the effort.   

After removing the fruit to make the preserve, the interior is left with a lot of pith, lots of seeds inside and membranes. 

All this has to be removed and this takes some time.  After removing all the pith, seeds etc. I now had 730 grams of clean fruit.

Bergamot fruit cleaned from pith, seeds and membranes image

So, I made the marmalade as I did the first time using just the cleaned fruit, sugar, a little bit of water and to flavour it I added some geranium leaves.

At the beginning you mix it until the sugar dissolves and boil it for fifteen minutes. 

You must not leave it unattended as it bubbles and it may overflow. 

I usually leave the wooden spoon inside the pot, which helps not to spill on the stove top.

When making marmalades, they never set until they cool.   

My thermometre is in Assini, so I use the other method of making jams or marmalades, used before the thermometre era.   

If using a thermometre, just skip the following steps and boil it until it reaches 105 degrees Centigrade (220F) .

So, without the thermometre, the best thing to do, is to cook if for fifteen minutes and wait until it cools completely. 

If it does not set, boil it for another five minutes and leave it again to cool. 

Repeat this procedure until it sets.

Since I had made this marmalade before, I knew that it needed ten more minutes, so I skipped one of the waiting times.

Bergamot fruit preserve cut into thin and small pieces image

During the second time of boiling, I cut six  pieces (from two whole fruit) of the fruit preserve into thin and small pieces and mixed it in the marmalade. 

The experiment was successful, as the sweet peel balances the sour taste of the marmalade giving it a sweet and sour taste, full of aroma.

For the past month, we have been enjoying our breakfast or a snack every day with this delicious marmalade on top of toasted bread or pita chips, accompanied with some graviera cheese from Crete.

Breakfast with pita chips and bergamot marmalade image

At the end of making fruit preserves or marmalades, we usually add some lemon juice so that the sugar does not crystalize.  In this case, no lemon is added, as the bergamot does the same job.

Next year, hopefully our bergamot will bear more fruit and I will make the marmalade using the whole fruit.

Bergamot marmalade with leftovers image

Bergamot Marmalade from Leftovers

Yield: 1500 grams
Prep Time: 2 hours
Cook Time: 25 minutes

Bergamot marmalade is the best of all citrus marmalades  It is precious as it has the most aromatic flavour that you can ever imagine  In this recipe it is made with the leftover fruit mixed with some bergamot peel.


  • 730 grams, bergamot
  • 1 kilo sugar
  • 1/2 cup water
  • 4 fragrant geranium leaves (optional)
  • 6 bergamot fruit preserves cut into thin, small pieces


  1. Wash the bergamots and let them drain.
  2. Grate a thin layer of zest from each fruit.
  3. (For this recipe the peel is used to make the fruit preserve).
  4. Open each slice of bergamot, remove the seeds, pith and membranes and take only the fruit.
  5. Put the fruit in a pot, add the sugar and water and set aside until the sugar dissolves.
  6. Put it on the heat but be cautious as the marmalade will bubble and may overflow In this case, remove it from the heat for a few seconds and when it settles, continue simmering for 15 minutes.
  7. Set aside and let it cools completely.
  8. Cut the bergamot fruit preserve into small and thin pieces  Add the bergamot preserve in the marmalade as well as the fragrant geranium leaves and mix.
  9. Bring to a boil and simmer for 15 more minutes.
  10. Pour it into sterilized jars and place them upside down until they cool.
  11. Store in the kitchen cupboard .Properly stored, an unopened jar of marmalade will generally stay at best quality for about 2 years. When opened, store in the refrigerator.
Nutrition Information
Yield 1 Serving Size 1
Amount Per Serving Calories 4204Total Fat 0gSaturated Fat 0gTrans Fat 0gUnsaturated Fat 0gCholesterol 0mgSodium 53mgCarbohydrates 1082gFiber 1gSugar 1056gProtein 0g

"These values are automatically calculated and offered for guidance only. Their accuracy is not guaranteed."

Did you make this recipe?

Tried this recipe? Tag me @ivyliac and use the hashtag #kopiaste!

Collage Bergamot marmalade with leftovers image

Update: 24th February, 2022

Bergamot marmalade, either using the whole fruit or just the interior, which is left after making the bergamot preserve, is the BEST of all marmalades.

It’s very aromatic which makes it a precious and unique marmalade for breakfast which pairs well on toasted bread and butter and cheese.

At long last, this year I made the bergamot marmalade using the whole fruit.

At the end of 2019, my husband got sick and in 2020 and 2021 we did not visit the village because of Coronavirus. Of course I did visit farmers’ markets and until today, I still not go there.

At the end of 2020, my husband died and suddenly everything in my life changed and so now I live permanently in Athens.

The fruits stayed and rotted on the trees.

This year the past weekend we finally visit the village with my son and brought some of the fruit back with us.

As I do not want to put a separate post for another jam, below you will find this recipe, which I made exactly the same way I make the mixed citrus marmalade.

Bagels with butter and bergamot marmalade image
Bergamot marmalade on a bagel image

Bergamot Marmalade (using the whole fruit)

Yield: 3 kilos
Prep Time: 1 hour
Cook Time: 1 hour
Total Time: 2 hours

Bergamot Marmalade is very aromatic which makes it a precious and unique marmalade for breakfast which pairs well on toasted bread and butter and cheese.


  • 1,500 grams bergamots (net weight after removing the ends and the seeds)
  • 1,500 grams sugar
  • 1,500 litres water
  • The juice of 1/2 lemon (optional)


  1. Wash the fruit thoroughly.
  2. Put them whole in a large saucepan and cover them with water  (They will float, so put a heat resistant plate on top, to keep them
  3. Bring to a boil, lower heat and simmer for about half an hour.
  4. Drain and add fresh water, taking care not to break the fruit  Bring to a boil
    again, lower heat and simmer for another half an hour 
  5. Put them in a colander until they cool or until you can handle them.
  6. Cut and discard the two ends of the fruit. Squeeze them over a colander and collect the juice. Cut bergamots image
  7. Cut the boiled fruit in the middle and remove the entire interior.
  8. Then remove all the seeds and keep the interior of the fruit.
  9. Then cut the peels into very thin stripes and cut the stripes into smaller pieces, not bigger than 3 - 4 cm* (about 1 ½ inch)  Cut bergamots into small pieces image
  10. Put the fruit, sugar, juice and water in a pot. Stir and bring to boil
    until the sugar dissolves 
  11. Bring to a boil, lower heat and simmer until the temperature reaches 105° C.
  12. If you do not have a thermometre, simmer the fruit for about 30 minutes until
    soft, mixing every now and then with a wooden spoon.
  13. Let it cool and repeat one more time. Let it cool overnight. Repeat if necessary.
  14. When it sets, bring to a boil, add the lemon juice and turn off the heat.
  15. Fill your sterilized jars with the marmalade.
  16. Put them upside down until they cool and then store in a cupboard,
Nutrition Information
Yield 3 Serving Size 1
Amount Per Serving Calories 1935Total Fat 0gSaturated Fat 0gTrans Fat 0gUnsaturated Fat 0gCholesterol 0mgSodium 18mgCarbohydrates 500gFiber 0gSugar 499gProtein 0g

"These values are automatically calculated and offered for guidance only. Their accuracy is not guaranteed."

Did you make this recipe?

Tried this recipe? Tag me @ivyliac and use the hashtag #kopiaste!

Collage Bergamot marmalade using the whole fruit image

Kopiaste and Kali Orexi!

signature Ivy

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