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Koupes (a street food from Cyprus)

Koupes (a street food from Cyprus)

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Koupes, (found also in other countries under the name, kibbe, kubba, kubbat), is a street food we find in Cyprus, which is served as a snack, party finger food or as  part of a  mezes dish.    

Its crust is made of bulgur wheat, flour, oil, salt, spices and onion and stuffed with ground meat, lots of onions, parsley and spices. 

Actually the ones sold by street vendors were mostly with lots of onions and parsley and less minced meat.

koupes shaping by hand image

One of the most common places we used to find them as children, was on Sunday mornings outside the Church yards. 

I am not sure if you can still find them outside churches but I know that they are now sold in supermarkets, in bakeries or in confectioneries and you can definitely find them at panigyria (fairs).

koupes shaped image

How to shape koupes

There are two ways to shape them.

You can shape them by hand, which is the traditional way or use a machine for koupes.

In order to shape them by hand, you take a small piece of dough and shape it into a ball.  You then put your index finger in the middle and form a hole.

Then you shape the koupes on your finger trying to give it an oblong shape and simultaneously making the shell thinner.

After adding the filling, you seal the hole by pressing the dough.

sausage machine image

The machine I have is very old, as it used to belong to my mother. 

Actually, this machine was a meat grinder with other attachments, as a sausage maker, as well as one for making koupes.  

The shell comes out in the form of a cylinder.  You can cut it as long as you like but around 10 – 15 cm is a good length.

Of course, you have to seal one end before adding the filling and then when done, seal the other end as well.

koupes making machine image

Although I tried to buy another one during one of my trips to Cyprus, I did not find one.

koupes shells image

What kind of bulgur wheat to use

In Cyprus you can find two kinds of bulgur wheat. One is semi coarse, used for pilaf and the other one which is much thinner is only for koupes or tabbouleh.

I usuall bring some with me whenever I visit Cypus, as the bulgur wheat I find in Greek supermarkets is much coarser than the above two types.

bulgar for koupes image

My unsuccessful attemps

I have tried several times to make them and this was my third attempt.

The first was a total disaster and the second although they tasted good, they lacked appearance as they cracked during frying.

After a few attemps I finally managed to make them but they were not perfect. 

I have left an older photo so that you can see how they turned out.

Failed koupes image
One of my first attempts making koupes

However, when I visited Cyprus in October, I remembered to ask my sister how she makes them.  Evidently, the secret is to knead the dough well and to keep your hands wet with water when you shape them.

Kantaifi tyropita and koupes image
Another old attempt making koupes

This way they are formed easier and do not crack when frying them!  Voilà!

frying koupes image

Other fillings

Instead of minced meat, I have also made them with sausage filling.  The remaining ingredients are the same as with minced meat.

I have also made them with leftover roasted turkey meat.

Koupes with three fillings image

During Lent,  we can also make them vegan, without the egg in the shell, filled with mushrooms or olives.  The olive filling is similar to that for eliopitakia

With olives
koupes with minced meat image
koupes with minced meat image

Koupes (a street food from Cyprus)

Yield: 30
Prep Time: 1 hour 15 minutes
Cook Time: 30 minutes
Total Time: 1 hour 45 minutes

Koupes, is a street food we find in Cyprus, made of bulgur wheat and filled with ground meat, which is served as a snack or as part of a mezes dish.


For the shell:

  • 3 cups (500 grams - 1.10 lbs) very finely ground bulgur wheat
  • 1/4 cup of all purpose flour
  • 3 tbsp olive oil
  • 3 ½ - 4 cups hot water
  • 1 tbsp salt
  • 1/4 tsp freshly grated black pepper
  • 1/4 tsp ground cinnamon
  • 1/2 cup finely ground onion

Ground meat filling:

  • 300 grams (10.5 oz) ground pork or mixed beef and pork
  • ½ cup of olive oil
  • 2 onions, coarsely chopped
  • 1 cup finely chopped parsley
  • Salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste
  • ½ teaspoon cinnamon
  • ½ cup water or white dry wine
  • Olive oil for frying
  • 1 bowl with water to wet hands in
  • Lemon, for sprinkling on top


  1. Mix the bulgur wheat with the flour, oil, onion, salt, pepper and cinnamon. Then add hot water, gradually and mix again, adding water until there is no trace of water or bulgur. Cover and set aside until it has cooled.
  2. Meantime, heat the olive oil in a skillet and sauté the onion until translucent. Add the ground meat, salt, pepper and cinnamon and stir. Add ½ cup of water (or wine) and cook the minced meat until the fluids have evaporated.
  3. Remove from heat and mix in parsley. Set aside to cool.
  4. Knead the dough well by hand or in a stand mixer, using the dough hook. If using the mixer, transfer the bulgur in the bowl of your mixer, add the flour and mix on low speed, stopping a couple of times to push the dough to the centre, as the dough may stick to the sides of the bowl. Continue mixing and gradually increase its speed until the dough does not crumble and feels soft and sticky, when pinched. If needed, add some more water.
  5. Take a small amount of dough the size of a large walnut and form it into a ball. In one hand hold the dough and with your other hand using your index wet your finger make and make a hollow in the dough, elongating its shape and trying to make it as thin as you can without breaking it. When doing this, wet the fingers of your other hand as well. You can also make the shell with a meat grinder if it has an attachment to make koupes. When it comes out of the meat grinder stop when it is about 9 cm (3 ½ inches) long and cut it with a sharp knife. Wet your index and put it in the shell. Wet your fingers of your other hand and close the hole by shaping it into a pointed end.
  6. Insert a teaspoonful of filling. Use the back of a small spoon to gentle push the filling inside and continue adding leaving about a centimetre and a half (half an inch) void. Wet your fingers again and seal the opening. If the dough is not enough, just pinch a small amount of dough and wetting your fingers try and paste it together making pointed ends. If at any point you see the shell cracking, again wet your hands and by gently “massaging” it will stick together again. (At this point you can freeze them).
  7. Heat enough oil in a pot so that koupes are covered during frying. Fry them on high heat, preferably on a gas stove. Gently turn them around until golden on all sides.
  8. Place on kitchen paper to absorb excess oil.
  9. Serve hot squeezing a few drops of lemon juice.


In order to freeze them, place them on a tray in one layer and cover them with cling film. When they become hard you can remove them and store them in zip lock bags but with caution as they may break. Just heat the olive oil well and fry them without defrosting them.

Nutrition Information
Yield 30 Serving Size 1
Amount Per Serving Calories 118Total Fat 9gSaturated Fat 2gTrans Fat 0gUnsaturated Fat 6gCholesterol 27mgSodium 265mgCarbohydrates 4gFiber 1gSugar 0gProtein 5g

Did you make this recipe?

Tried this recipe? Tag me @ivyliac and use the hashtag #kopiaste!

The recipe is included in Volume 2 of my e-cookbook “Mint, Cinnamon & Blossom Water, Flavours of Cyprus, Kopiaste!”, available on all Amazon stores.

You can find many more Greek recipes in my cookbook “More Than A Greek Salad”, and “Mint, Cinnamon & Blossom Water, Flavours of Cyprus, Kopiaste!” both available on all Amazon stores.

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collage koupes image

Kopiaste and Kali Orexi,

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Wednesday 8th of August 2012

The best koupes i have had was from my grandmother.. she raised the bar so high that no one so far seems to get even close. Yours look nice too..

Nell Frary

Monday 20th of June 2011

I bought these from a market stall at Larnaka market they were made by an old lady useing a family recipe they were the best thing i have ever tasted !!!


Tuesday 28th of September 2010

I can't read the recipe, but we add an egg in the bulgar wheat. That keeps the koupes from opening up when they are getting fried.


Wednesday 2nd of January 2008

Eva, don't forget to wet your hands. I think that it is more important than the flour and the egg.


Wednesday 2nd of January 2008

Hi Ivy,finaly i found recipe that i think will work..ihave a book in which they use only wheat without flour or egg..and no wonder the coupes never stayed together when i fried them..i shall try this very soon...thanks for posting

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