Quince is known from ancient years and its cultivation is said to have preceded that ofthe apple culture.Many references to “apples”, in the ancient yearsmay have been to a quince. Among the ancient Greeks, the quince was a ritual offering at weddings, for it had come from the Levant with Aphrodite and remained sacred to her.Plutarch reports that a Greek bride would nibble a quince to perfume her kiss before entering the bridal chamber, “in order that the first greeting may not be disagreeable nor unpleasant”.
In Greek mythology it was a quince that Paris awarded Aphrodite and we also know that Heracles on his penultimate task was asked to pluck three golden apples from the tree of the Hesperides, (nymphs of the evening).
This yellow fruit was known to the Akkadians, who called it supurgillu ; Arabic سفرجل safarjal = “quinces” (collective plural). The modern name originated in the 14th century as a plural of quoyn, via Old French cooin from Latin cotoneum malum / cydonium malum, ultimately from Greekκυδώνιονμήλον, kydonion melon “Kydonian apple” (in the figurative sense, similar to pomodoro – Italian word for tomato literally meaning “apple of gold”, pomme de terre – the French word for potato, literally meaning “apple of the ground”, and the classical “golden apple”). The quince tree is native to Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Croatia, Turkey, Serbia, FYROM, Greece, and Bulgaria, but the Greeks grafted from a superior strain from ancient Kydonia (Greek: Κυδωνία), now Chania, whence both the common and better-preserved genus name. (Wikipedia)
Quince have a coarse texture, are too hard, astringent and sour to eat raw but when cooked it softens and changes colour from creamy white to pink-dark orange and near to red whilst it releases all its sweet aroma and delicate flavour. The combination of this fruit with the sweet taste of prunes and the natural sweet taste of pork makes it a gourmet meal and I highly recommend it.
I wanted to make my twist to this traditional Greek dish and I let my instinct guide me with the addition of ginger, Commandaria, chestnuts and a variety of peppers. I have never seen ginger added to this recipe but my instinct was right as it added an additional flavour and warmth to the dish. Regarding the choice of wine, this is also very original as most recipes call for red dry wine and some for white wine. Commandaria is a unique lovely Cypriot sweet dessert wine with a lovely aroma and added its unique flavour to this dish. I have experimented with Commandaria before, although I do not remember if I have posted the recipes yet. As much as I would like to use it more often it is quite expensive to be used in every day recipes but for special dishes like this one, it is worth while. Chestnuts was also a lovely addition, adding crunchiness and sweet taste.
If you cannot find quinces you may substitute it with apples or pears preferably not ripe and with a sour taste.
Pork Tenderloin with Quince, Prunes and Chestnuts
Preparation time: 1 hour
Cooking time: 40 – 50 minutes
700 grams of pork tenderloin
1/2 cup all purpose flour
1/2 cup of olive oil
4 large quinces
10 dried prunes
1 cup of boiled chestnuts
1 big onion, finely chopped
3 cloves of garlic, finely chopped
1 piece of ginger about 1 inch, grated
1 – 2 pieces of cinnamon stick
7 – 8 allspice berries
2 – 3 cloves
2 bay leaves
1 cup of Commandaria, red sweet Cypriot wine
½ teaspoon ground coriander seeds
½ teaspoon thyme
½ teaspoon green, pink, white and black ground peppers
1 tablespoon thyme honey
Water (about 2 cups)
Begin by boiling and peeling the chestnuts. If you have never done this before, see how to do it here.
Peel quinces, cut them in slices and put them in a bowl with water and a few tablespoons of lemon juice.
Wash and cut meat into pieces and drain. Seas with salt and pepper and dredge into flour.
Heat the olive oil in a sautéing pan and sauté the quinces on both sides. Remove to a platter and set aside. Sauté the onion and garlic until translucent and then add the meat and sauté on both side. Add the wine and allow the alcohol to evaporate.Add honey and all spices and finally add the ginger and the water.
Add quinces, chestnuts and prunes. When it starts boiling, reduce heat and simmer covered until the quinces are soft and the sauce is thick.
I am submitting this recipe to Anne’s Cool Finds, who is hosting this year’s Event A Taste of Terroir 2009.